Mig-29 Military Flight Simulator

VRM FMS-M29 Simulator can be manufactured basically in two ways, either as a quite new system or as a complete upgrade of the older Russian KTS-21 simulator or cabin of MiG-29 aircraft. Taking the price of the cabin, instrumentation, simulator building and other aspects into account, such design is more convenient for the customer. Only the cockpit and complete instrumentation are used from the original simulator. The instruments in the cabin have been modified and a system for their control, which is a part of the cabin, has been developed. All the other devices of the original simulator have been replaced with an up-to-date simulation technology. The display system has been modified substantially, in which a single-channel collimator has been replaced with a high-power 6-channel projection system. This system can display virtual environment onto a spherical screen within the range 180° horizontally and 90° vertically.

The simulator is of a fixed base type.The system contains a helmet mounted aiming device and a real HUD, because of a real combat use. That is why the projection system is big enough and its placement onto a moving platform would not ensure real simulation of acceleration and overload of MiG-29. Originally, this product was developed or the needs of the Slovak Air Force and was put into service with the Slovak Army in 1997 using the name LTV-29 or FSM-29.For this simulator, VRM has ffered an optional vibration platform since 1999 or better simulation of overload and vibration.

USE

The FMS-M29 simulator covers a whole complex of combat and flight training or pilots of MiG-29 aircrafts. It can operate in several modes, in which it truly imitates operations and functions of a real MiG-29 aircraft. In principle, the goal of the system of which is to configure, monitor, evaluate and record the task being trained is of prime importance. The FMS-M29 simulator is a visual simulator, which displays surrounding environment and objects in it with high accuracy. Contrary to lower types of simulators, the pilot can also solve the task using a view from the cabin, which was not possible previously.Thus the system approaches real conditions substantially. The system of SAU-29 flight aiming device is closely linked
with the displayed environment and the objects in it. The pilot aims at and detects airborne and ground targets in the same way as in a real aircraft. The instructor's station, designed as an independent subsystem working in several modes as an independent flight simulator, is a very important part of the simulator. The instructor can follow the task being practiced, interactively change some parameters (special cases during flight) or actively enter into the task using his own controls functionally equal to those in the cabin. The goal of the projection system is to display computer-generated environment onto a spherical surface in the centre of which there is a cabin with the pilot there. The projection system consists of 6 high-power projectors, which can display a compact image with high resolution and in true colours on a spherical screen.

TECHNICAL PARAMETERS

Projection with 6 projectors onto a Half-Dome type spherical screen, 3.6 m in diameter

  • Pilot's horizontal angle of view: 180°
  • Pilot's vertical angle of view: 90°

Real fixed base type cockpit, optionally with a vibrating platform (made of KTS-21 or a real aircraft cockpit and instruments)

  • The mock-up of the cockpit contains a full set of instruments with real operation - All the buttons and switches that should operate during the training checks and procedures have real functions
  • The controls (throttles and sticks) and pedals, as well, are fully operational and look like the ones in a real aircraft
  • Control loading system
  • The seat is identical with that in a real aircraft and provided with real belts
  • G-suit or pressure trousers or high fidelity of pilot's feelings working with a dynamic valve system and compressed air (G-force simulation)
  • The audio equipment integrated inside the cockpit provides the following sounds: engine and alarm signals, landing gear retraction sounds and flaps
  • The audio system is also used or communication between the trainee and the instructor in the same way as between the pilot and the ATC tower, or communication with the homing system operator
  • Optional vibrating platform to improve simulation

Computers

  • Set of industrial computers for cockpit data collection and management
  • Image generator -a graphic computer for generation of 6 channels of 3D graphic
  • Host computer or hosting the real time simulation software
  • Set of computers or the instructor's operating station

Application Software:

  • Image generation software is used to simultaneously enerate 6 full-coloured images of virtual reality nvironment in high-resolution 3D graphic
  • Mathematic simulation software provides a real ime flight model of the aircraft
  • Navigation software generates navigation data, hich is generated on relevant instruments in the ockpit (navigation systems of close navigation, a radio kylight turret, systems of far navigation)
  • Weapon system management includes complete allistics of fire, provides inputs for aiming and fire, imulates cannons, missiles and bombs. The system ooperates with visualization and audio systems to imulate by-effects associated with fire -explosions, moke, trajectory, sounds, etc.
  • Network operation including DIS manages all data peration in an internal and an optional external etwork
  • The virtual terrain for an air-to-ground training ncludes 2 airports, buildings at the airport, hills, rivers, oads, navigation objects, radio-electronic and 3D isualization and navigation objects (size of about 50 x 120 km)
  • Optional real terrain created from imported eal digital terrain data delivered by the customer Database of 3D graphic objects includes All flying and/or moving or stationary targets, enemy or allied forces represented in virtual environment
  • Software for cockpit equipment control and testing is used for cockpit data collection and management
  • Software package for the instructor's operating station (PRCIN) provides a set of tools for management of the whole simulation process
  • Software for simulation of data received from PANDA post flight-debriefing system, which is used to display and simulate the data from a flight data recorder of a real aircraft on the screen, instruments and controls

 

SYNERCO Consortium

VRM and ASE are members of SYNERCO consortium 

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Virtual Reality Media a.s.
Rybárska 1
91101 Trenčín
Slovak Republic
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